A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in any part of your urinary system . your kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Most infections involve the lower urinary tract — the bladder and the urethra.
Urinary tract infections typically occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and begin to multiply in the bladder.
The most common UTIs occur mainly in women and affect the bladder and urethra.
An infection can happen in different parts of your urinary tract. Each type has a different name, based on where it is.
Urinary tract infections don't always cause signs and symptoms, but when they do they may include:
Women who use diaphragms for birth control may be at higher risk, as well as women who use spermicidal agents.
After menopause, a decline in circulating estrogen causes changes in the urinary tract that make you more vulnerable to infection.
A woman has a shorter urethra than a man does, which shortens the distance that bacteria must travel to reach the bladder.
Sexually active women tend to have more UTIs than do women who aren't sexually active. Having a new sexual partner also increases your risk.
Other risk factors for UTIs include:
HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICINES FOR UTI