The average person has 5 million hairs. Hair grows all over your body except on your lips, palms, and the soles of your feet. It takes about a month for healthy hair to grow half an inch. Most hairs grow for up to six years and then fall out. New hairs grow in their place. Hair helps keep you warm. It also protects your eyes, ears and nose from small particles in the air. Common problem with the hair and scalp include hair loss, infections, and flaking.
TYPES OF HAIRS PROBLEMS
Dandruff, scaly particles that cling to the root of the hair, can be caused by a poor diet, an infection, or even a sluggish metabolism.
Dandruff is a condition of the scalp that causes flakes of skin to appear. It is often accompanied by itching.The exact cause is unknown, but various factors increase the risk. It is not related to poor hygiene, but it may be more visible if a person does not wash or brush their hair often.
- The exact causes of dandruff are unknown.
- One of the cause is that it is linked to hormone production, as it often begins around the time of puberty
- Seborrheic dermatitis
- Dandruff involves flakes of skin that collect in the hair.
- People with seborrheic dermatitis have irritated, oily skin, and they are more likely to have dandruff.
- Seborrheic dermatitis affects many areas of the skin, including the back of the ears, the breastbone, eyebrows, and the sides of the nose.
- The skin will be red, greasy, and covered with flaky white or yellow scales.
- Seborrheic dermatitis is closely linked with Malassezia, a fungus that normally lives on the scalp and feeds on the oils that the hair follicles secrete.
- It does not usually cause a problem, but in some people it becomes overactive, causing the scalp to become irritated and to produce extra skin cells.
- As these extra skin cells die and fall off, they mix with the oil from the hair and scalp, forming dandruff.
- Not enough hair brushing
Combing or brushing the hair regularly reduces the risk of dandruff, because it aids in the normal shedding of skin.
People who are sensitive to yeast have a slightly higher chance of dandruff, so yeast may play a part. Dandruff is often worse during the winter months and better when the weather is warmer.This may be because ultraviolet-A (UVA) light from the sun counteracts the yeast.
- Dry skin
People with dry skin are more likely to have dandruff. Cold winter air combined with overheated rooms is a common cause of itchy, flaking skin. Dandruff that stems from dry skin tends to have smaller, non-oily flakes.
- Shampooing and skin care products
Certain hair care products can trigger a red, itchy, scaling scalp. Frequent shampooing may cause dandruff, as it can irritate the scalp.Some people say not shampooing enough can cause a buildup of oil and dead skin cells, leading to dandruff, but evidence is lacking that this is true.
- Certain skin conditions
People with psoriasis, eczema, and some other skin disorders tend to get dandruff more frequently than others. Tinea capitis, a fungal infection also known as scalp ringworm, can cause dandruff.
- Medical conditions
- Adults with Parkinson’s disease and some other neurological illnesses are more prone to dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis.
- One study found that between 30 and 83 percent of people with HIV have seborrheic dermatitis, compared with 3 to 5 percent in the general population.
- Patients who are recovering from a heart attack or a stroke and those with a weak immune system may be more prone to dandruff.
Not consuming enough foods that contain zinc, B vitamins, and some types of fats may increase the risk.
- Mental stress
There may be a link between stress and many skin problems.
Dandruff is more likely from adolescence through middle age, although it can be lifelong. It affects men more than women, possibly for reasons related to hormones.
Dandruff signs and symptoms may include:
- Skin flakes on your scalp, hair, eyebrows, beard or mustache, and shoulders
- Itchy scalp
- Scaly, crusty scalp in infants with cradle cap
- The signs and symptoms may be more severe if you're stressed, and they tend to flare in cold, dry seasons.
Almost anyone can have dandruff, but certain factors can make you more susceptible:
- Age. Dandruff usually begins in young adulthood and continues through middle age. That doesn't mean older adults don't get dandruff. For some people, the problem can be lifelong.
- Being male. Because more men have dandruff, some researchers think male hormones may play a role.
- Certain illnesses. Parkinson's disease and other diseases that affect the nervous system also seem to increase risk of dandruff. So does having HIV or a weakened immune system.
HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICATION FOR DANDRUFF
Following Homeopathic medicines are useful, but constitutional treatment is advised for treating dandruff and minimize the recurrence.
- Ars. alb.: Scalp itches intolerably, circular patches of bare spots, rough, dirty, sensitive, and covered with dry scales, nightly burning and itching, dandruff. Scalp very sensitive, cannot brush hair.
- Ammonium mur: Hair falls out, with itching and dandruff.
- Badiaga : Dandruff where scalp is dry, sore, Tetter-like.
- Calcarea. sulph: Dandruff on the scalp causing eruptions with thick yellow crusts, eczema, also pimples of face due to dandruff, falling of hair.
- Carboneum sulph: Dandruff on the scalp, eruptions crust, eczema, itching, moist scaly pimples, sore and painful.
- Cochlearia Armoracia: old-world anti-scorbutics, Locally it cures dandruff.
- Graphites: Herpetic dandruff (dandruff accompanied with eczema or other eruptions). Scalp scaly with distressing itching, humid. Falling of hair. Burning on vertex.
- Kali sulph: Yellow dandruff, bald spot.
- Mezerium: Dandruff with great itching and loss of hair.
- Natrum mur: White dandruff, alternating with catarrh or loss smell. Itching, dry scalp. Oily, greasy face.
- Oleander: Itching papular eruption on the scalp. Desquamation of the epidermis of the scalp. Violent gnawing itching on the scalp, as from lice. Gnawing itching on the scalp, that obliged scratching, gnawing itching, as from vermin, over the whole scalp, that obliges scratching.
- Phosphorus: Itching of scalp, dandruff, falling of hair in large bunches.
- Psorinum: Dandruff smells badly. Humid eruption on scalp, hair matted, Hair dry.
- Sulphur: The patient suffers from skin ailments, skin is coarse and dry, burns, itchy. Reddish boils appear on the scalp, dandruff is powdery in nature
- Sanicula: Scaly dandruff over the scalp, eye-brows and other hairy parts.
- Sepia: Dandruff in circles, like ringworm. Moist scalp, hair falls out, pimples on forehead near hair.
- Thuja: Falling of hair due to dry white scaly dandruff.
- Vinca minor: Spots on scalp, oozing moisture, matting hair together. Corrosive itching of scalp. Dandruff.