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Hair Loss

Hair Loss

Although historically discussed as a problem among men, hair loss/thinning hair is also common among women. For most men, it may be male pattern balding. Female hair loss is often caused by stress, medication, changing hormones, and even menopause. Additionally, many hair styling products (chemicals/excessive heat) can contribute to hair loss.

DEFINATION

Hair loss or Baldness typically refers to excessive hair loss from your scalp. Hereditary hair loss with age is the most common cause of baldness.

SYMPTOMS

Hair loss can appear in many different ways, depending on what's causing it. It can come on suddenly or gradually and affect just your scalp or your whole body.Signs and symptoms of hair loss may include:

  • Gradual thinning on top of head. This is the most common type of hair loss, affecting people as they age. In men, hair often begins to recede at the hairline on the forehead. Women typically have a broadening of the part in their hair. An increasingly common hair loss pattern in older women is a receding hairline (frontal fibrosing alopecia).
  • Circular or patchy bald spots. Some people lose hair in circular or patchy bald spots on the scalp, beard or eyebrows. Your skin may become itchy or painful before the hair falls out.
  • Sudden loosening of hair. A physical or emotional shock can cause hair to loosen. Handfuls of hair may come out when combing or washing your hair or even after gentle tugging. This type of hair loss usually causes overall hair thinning but is temporary.
  • Full-body hair loss. Some conditions and medical treatments, such as chemotherapy for cancer, can result in the loss of hair all over your body. The hair usually grows back.
  • Patches of scaling that spread over the scalp. This is a sign of ringworm. It may be accompanied by broken hair, redness, swelling and, at times, oozing.

CAUSES

People typically lose 50 to 100 hairs a day. This usually isn't noticeable because new hair is growing in at the same time. Hair loss occurs when new hair doesn't replace the hair that has fallen out.

Hair loss is typically related to one or more of the following factors:

  • Family history (heredity). The most common cause of hair loss is a hereditary condition that happens with aging. This condition is called androgenic alopecia, male-pattern baldness and female-pattern baldness. It usually occurs gradually and in predictable patterns — a receding hairline and bald spots in men and thinning hair along the crown of the scalp in women. 
  • Hormonal changes and medical conditions. A variety of conditions can cause permanent or temporary hair loss, including hormonal changes due to pregnancy, childbirth, menopause and thyroid problems. Medical conditions include alopecia areata, which is immune system related and causes patchy hair loss, scalp infections such as ringworm, and a hair-pulling disorder called trichotillomania .
  • Medications and supplements. Hair loss can be a side effect of certain drugs, such as those used for cancer, arthritis, depression, heart problems, gout and high blood pressure.
  • Radiation therapy to the head. The hair may not grow back the same as it was before.
  • A very stressful event. Many people experience a general thinning of hair several months after a physical or emotional shock. This type of hair loss is temporary.
  • Hairstyles and treatments. Excessive hairstyling or hairstyles that pull your hair tight, such as pigtails or cornrows, can cause a type of hair loss called traction alopecia. Hot-oil hair treatments and permanents also can cause hair to fall out. If scarring occurs, hair loss could be permanent.

RISK FACTORS

A number of factors can increase your risk of hair loss, including:

  • A family history of balding on your mother's or father's side
  • Age
  • Significant weight loss
  • Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes and lupus
  • Stress
  • Poor nutrition

DIAGNOSIS

Before making a diagnosis, your doctor will likely give you a physical exam and ask about your diet, your hair care routine, and your medical and family history. You might also have tests, such as the following:

  • Blood test. This might help uncover medical conditions that can cause hair loss.
  • Pull test. Your doctor gently pulls several dozen hairs to see how many come out. This helps determine the stage of the shedding process.
  • Scalp biopsy. Your doctor scrapes samples from the skin or from a few hairs plucked from the scalp to examine the hair roots under a microscope. This can help determine whether an infection is causing hair loss.
  • Light microscopy. Your doctor uses a special instrument to examine hairs trimmed at their bases. Microscopy helps uncover possible disorders of the hair shaft.

HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICATION FOR HAIR LOSS

  1. THUJA OCCIDENTALIS: For hair loss due to dry, white, scaly dandruff, then Thuja is the best remedy. This remedy is prescribed for dryness and thinning hair. This helps in hair growth and makes it lustress.
  2. NATRUM MURIATICUM: Natrum mur acts well when the hair loss is experienced after childbirth. In such cases hair loss occurs from the frontal area (bregma) of your head. It can also be prescribed to women suffering from hair loss due to anemia (iron deficiency).
  3. LYCOPODIUM: Lycopodium is effective for treating hair loss after delivery, after menopause, or hair loss due to ovarian dysfunction. It is also prescribed when hair loss is witnessed from vertex first, later on the temples including graying of hair.
  4. FLOURIC ACID: Fluoric acid is one of the best homeopathic medicines for hair loss and highly recommended in treating patients who are having hair loss in spots (alopecia areata). Fluoric acid will help in regrowth of the hair. It is also very helpful in hair loss that occurs after a fever such as typhoid. It is prescribed in cases when hair is dry, tangles easily and breaks off.
  5. PHOSPHORUS: This medicine is recommended when hair loss is seen in bunches. Hair turns dry and gray resulting in hair loss from vertex, crown area and forehead. It is also effective for treatment of hair loss is due to change of water, change of climate, and even dandruff.

DRY HAIRS

Shampooing too often causes dry hair. many over do it by washing once, sometimes twice, per day. That will strip away all of the hair’s natural oils.Dry hair develops when your hair doesn’t get or retain enough moisture. This reduces its soft lustre and can make it appear frizzy and dull.Dry hair can affect men and women of any age, but you’re more likely to develop it as you get older.

Your hair consists of three layers. If your hair is healthy, natural oils in the outer layer help protect the inner layers. They also reflect light, making your hair appear shiny. Sheen and luster are two important signs of healthy hair. When your hair is dry, the outer layer breaks down, causing it to appear dull and unhealthy.

CAUSES OF DRY HAIRS

A variety of factors can lead to dry hair, including environmental conditions, hair care habits, and your physical health.Some of the environmental conditions that can cause dry hair include:

  • living in a dry, hot climate
  • spending a lot of time in the sun or wind
  • frequently swimming in chlorinated or salty water
  • washing your hair too often
  • using harsh shampoos, conditioners, or styling products
  • dying or chemically treating your hair
  • regularly blow-drying your hair
  • using electric curling irons, straighteners, or curlers
  • In some cases, dry hair is the result of an underlying health problem that affects your hair’s ability to retain moisture. Examples include :
  • Anorexia nervosa: An eating disorder, anorexia nervosa can lead to malnutrition. It can cause dry and brittle hair, along with more serious complications.
  • Hypoparathyroidism: If you have hypoparathyroidism, the parathyroid gland in your neck produces too little parathyroid hormone, which decreases the level of calcium in your blood. Calcium is a key nutrient for healthy hair, as well as bones, teeth, and other tissue.
  • Hypothyroidism: With hypothyroidism, your thyroid glands don’t produce enough thyroid hormones. Dry and brittle hair is one of the early symptoms of this condition.
  • Menkes syndrome: If you have Menkes syndrome, a rare genetic condition, your cells don’t absorb enough copper. Low copper absorption affects the health of your hair, causing dryness.

PREVENTION

  • In many cases, you can treat dry hair through simple lifestyle changes. Here are a few you can try:
  • Avoid shampooing your hair every day.
  • Condition your hair every time you wash it.
  • Use a shampoo and conditioner that are meant for your hair type.
  • Use moisturizing styling products.
  • Avoid chemical hair treatments.
  • Blow-dry your hair less frequently.
  • Avoid flat irons, curling irons, and electric rollers.
  • Daily shampooing can rob your hair of its protective oils and lead to dryness. Try washing your hair once or twice a week instead. You can also apply hair oils or leave-in conditioners to add luster and softness.

HOMOEOPATHIC REMEDIES FOR DRY HAIRS

  1. BORAX

    Borax is an excellent remedy for dry hair that gets tangled to form bunches due to extreme dryness. These bunches of hair stuck rigidly together are averse to becoming smooth on combing. Borax is very beneficial in smoothening the hair. It is also of great help to those who get rid of these bunches of tangled hair by cutting them, only to see another bunch being formed shortly thereafter. Borax helps in removing the tangled bunches and also in eradicating the tendency towards formation of these bunches.Other symptoms are-- Great fear of downward motion like going downstairs. There is sensitivity towards the slightest of sound

  2. PHOSPHORUS

    Phosphorus is the top remedy for dry hair especially at roots. Phosphorus brings about very good results in cases of hair getting mostly dry at the root. Along with dry hair at roots, the scalp is also very dry and scaly. Phosphorus is also a remedy of great help when due to extreme dry hair at roots, there is a lot of hair fall. Phosphorus moisturise dry hair, remove dry, scaly scalp and check hair fall. The important constitutional symptom for Phosphorus are- desire for cold things like cold drinks, ice creams and juices in food. sensitivity towards external impressions like air, noise, touch and odour

  3. THUJA OCC.

    Thuja is another excellent remedy for dry hair where the hair gets brittle due to intense dryness. The dry, brittle hair show splits at various places and looks crimped. Thuja can also be used when dry, brittle, crimpy hair is rough with a lack of shine. In all these conditions, Thuja ensures a wonderful recovery by strengthening the hair and nourishing the scalp, thus preventing split dry hair progression. By using Thuja, the hair regainsits shine with vanishing of dryness and splitting. It can also effective for white, scaly dandruff.

  4. SULPHUR

    Sulphur is considered the best natural Homeopathic medicines for hair that is dry and lustreless. For using these remedy, the scalp has to be very unhealthy with dry, lustreless hair. The scalp is also dry and can be itchy. The hair may also stick together forming tangles. When a person’s scalp and hair show these conditions, one of the Homeopathic remedy can bring about improvement by going deeply into the root cause. Sulphur is the remedy for persons with dry, lustreless hair who show heat intolerance. Such persons suffer from heat in various body parts and cannot tolerate excessive heat .

  5. PSORINUM

    Psorinum is considered the best natural Homeopathic medicines for hair that is dry and lusterless. For using these remedy, the scalp has to be very unhealthy with dry, lustreless hair. The scalp is also dry and can be itchy. The hair may also stick together forming tangles. When a person’s scalp and hair show these conditions, one of the Homeopathic remedy can bring about improvement by going deeply into the root cause. Psorinum suits persons with dry, lustreless hair who are sensitive to a cold environment. They cannot tolerate a slight draught of air even in summers. They show a need to be covered up completely even in summer heat.

  6. NATRUM MUR

    Natrum Mur is the best dry hair with hair fall.Natrum mur persons are mainly reserved in nature and may also have weeping tendencies. They have an aversion to sun heat. Along with this, they may show a craving for extra salt in diet. Anemia can be a part of the constitutional symptoms for using Natrum Mur.

  7. LYCOPODIUM

    Lycopodium,is also good for dry hair with hair fall It is best for people who have an excessive craving for sweets and hot food or drinks. They are irritable nature and cannot tolerate contradiction or opposition. They may also have been suffering from gastric troubles of any sort for the past years.


SPLIT ENDS

The splitting or fraying of the hair shaft, most commonly affecting long hair. This occurs when the outer most layer of the hair shaft, the cuticle, is damaged, exposing the cortex of the hair. This damage can lead to hair breakage, dry hair ends, dead ends, and of course, split ends.Over-brushing hair, excessive perming, too much heat, and lack of a good conditioner cause split ends. 

PREVENTION 

  • To avoid split ends trim your hair regularly at least after every 4 to 6 weeks
  • Comb your hair gently with wide tooth comb
  • Dry your wet hair naturally
  • Eat healthy diet
  • Avoid hair dryers

OILY OR GREASY HAIRS / SCALP -

Oily hair is caused when the scalp produces too much of a natural oil called sebum. Sebum is produced by sebaceous glands, which can sometimes “work overtime”, resulting in excessive amounts of oil.

CAUSES

Here are some of the most common causes of an oily scalp/ hairs :

  • Seborrheic dermatitis

    Seborrheic dermatitis is a condition that irritates and inflames your skin. Pink, scaly areas of skin develop in areas with a lot of oil glands, including the scalp. It’s also known as dandruff.It can result from an allergic reaction or be a symptom of an autoimmune condition. It’s not a serious condition. Home treatments can often treat or manage it.

  • Skin conditions

    Skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis can cause red, scaly patches to appear on your scalp.Both of these conditions are disorders related to immune dysfunction.

  • Forehead acne

    Forehead acne develops when oil and skin cell substances get trapped inside the pores. It can also lead to specific acne bacteria to build up and cause acne bumps.Excessive oil production is often the cause of acne

  • Genetics

    Your genes may contribute to how much oil your glands produce and how thick your hair is.


FRIZZY HAIRS

Frizzy hair occurs when the hair’s moisture level falls below normal levels, and it can also be hereditary.

CAUSES OF FRIZZY HAIRS

  • THE WATER TEMPERATURE IN YOUR SHOWER IS CRANKED UP

    Extra hot water may feel relaxing during your shower, but it’s not doing your hair (or your skin, for that matter) any favors. Scalding hot water can strip your hair of the natural oils that keep it moisturized and shiny. Since you already know that a lack of moisture in your hair can cause frizz, it’s wise to avoid anything that can remove the precious oils your hair so desperately needs.

  • YOU STYLE YOUR HAIR WITH HOT HAIR STYLING TOOLS DAILY

    We hate to be the bearer of bad news, but daily heat to your hair can strip it of natural moisture and lead to frizz. Not to mention, these hair styling tools can cause damaged hair. 

  • YOURE WASHING HAIR EVERYDAY

    It’s no secret that harsh foaming shampoos can mess with your hair’s natural equilibrium, resulting in dry, dull hair that looks frizzy. Also, keep in mind that all shampoos are not created equal. It’s very possible that your formula of choice is further drying your hair.

  • YOUR HAIR ENDS ARE DAMAGED

    Got brittle, split ends? Damaged hair is a surefire way to experience frizz. Plus, the longer those split ends stick around, the higher the chance of hair damage climbing up your hair strands and wreaking further havoc.

  • YOU DRY YOUR HAIR WITH A ROUGH HAIR TOWEL

    Wrapping your hair up into an abrasive bath towel can draw moisture out of your hair quickly and lead to frizz. If your hair is curly, this friction can also cause clumps and deformed coils.


DULL HAIRS

There are many causes of dull-looking hair — chemical or heat-styling damage, and environmental soils.Dull hair tends to have certain characteristics: It typically lacks luster, has a rough or coarse feeling, and might look frizzy or feel heavy.

CAUSES

Dull hair happens for a variety of reasons, including:

  • improper hair care techniques
  • a diet that’s lacking in key nutrients
  • too much sunlight or heat styling
  • over processing with harsh chemicals
  • environmental conditions, such as dry or cold air
  • using too much product or the wrong products

HEAT DAMAGED HAIRS

 

Use your curling iron or flat iron too much and your hair will become damaged.

COLOUR DAMAGED HAIRS

When you color your hair, chemicals are used to open your hair shaft, leaving your hair extremely porous and prone to brittleness and breakage.


GRAY HAIRS

To many, gray hair is a badge of honor. But others would prefer to get rid of it because gray hair can be brittle and more unruly than other strands.

CAUSES OF GREY OR WHITE HAIRS

There could be ways to restore pigmentation, but it depends on the cause. Here are common causes of premature white hair.

  • Genetics
  • Your makeup plays a big role in when (or if) you develop white hair. If you notice white hair at an early age, it’s likely that your parents or grandparents also had graying or white hair at an early age.You can’t change genetics. But if you don’t like the way your gray hair looks, you can always color your hair.
  • Stress

    Everyone deals with stress from time to time. The consequences of chronic stress can include:

  • sleep problems
  • anxiety
  • change in appetite
  • high blood pressure
  • Stress can also affect your hair.

Autoimmune disease

An autoimmune disease can also cause premature white hair. This is when the body’s immune system attacks its own cells. In the case of alopecia and vitiligo, the immune system can attack hair and cause loss of pigment.


Thyroid disorder

Hormonal changes caused by a thyroid problem — such as hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism — may also be responsible for premature white hair. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of your neck. It helps control many bodily functions such as metabolism. The health of your thyroid can also influence the color of your hair. An overactive or underactive thyroid can cause your body to produce less melanin.


Vitamin B-12 deficiency

White hair at an early age can also indicate a vitamin B-12 deficiency. This vitamin plays an important role in your body. It gives you energy, plus it contributes to healthy hair growth and hair color.A vitamin B-12 deficiency is associated with a condition called pernicious anemia, which is when your body can’t absorb enough of this vitamin. Your body needs vitamin B-12 for healthy red blood cells, which carry oxygen to cells in your body, including hair cells. A deficiency can weaken hair cells and affect melanin production.


Smoking

  • There’s also a link between premature white hair and smoking. One study Trusted Source of 107 subjects found a connection between the “onset of gray hair before the age of 30 and cigarette smoking.”
  • It’s well-known that smoking cigarettes increases the risk for lung cancer and heart disease. The long-term effects, however, can go beyond the heart and lungs and affect hair. Smoking constricts blood vessels, which can reduce blood flow to hair follicles and cause hair loss. Additionally, toxins in cigarettes can damage parts of your body including your hair follicles, causing early white hair.

Chemical hair dyes and hair products

Chemical hair dyes and hair products, even shampoos, can contribute to premature hair graying. Many of these products contain harmful ingredients that decrease melanin.Hydrogen peroxide, which is in many hair dyes, is one such harmful chemical. Excessive use of products that bleach hair will also eventually cause it to turn white.

PREVENTION

A person’s diet plays a part in preventing white hair. A diet rich in antioxidants can reduce oxidative stress.Antioxidant-rich foods include :

  • fresh fruits and vegetables
  • green tea
  • olive oil
  • fish

HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICATION FOR GREY HAIRS OR WHITE HAIRS

  1. Lycopodium

    Lycopodium works most naturally and harmlessly to stop the process of graying. The patient prescribed with this medicine usually suffers from gastric troubles like constipation.

  2. Natrum Mur

    This homeopathic medicine is quite effective on an anemic person. Natrum Mur helps to improve the overall health of a person and increase immunity. A person on this medication might have an excessive craving for salty food items.

  3. Phosphorus

    Phosphorus acts excellently to prevent further greying of hair. It is good for people suffering from graying of hair accompanied by hair fall, dandruff, and itchy scalp. People taking phosphorus may have peculiar desire of having cold drinks, juice and ice creams.

  4. Vinca Minor

    Vinca Minor acts on the pigmentation, which leads to white hair without any side effects. Vinca Minor is also used for the treatment of eruptions on the scalp.

  5. Arnica

    Arnica is a flowering herb and hair oil made with this has been used as a homeopathic treatment for skin, scalp, and hair conditions. The hair oil helps to improve the overall health of your hair and strengthening the hair follicles, thus reducing the hair fall.

  6. ACID PHOS

    Acid phos is used for hair grey early in life and which fall out. Hairs thin out and turns grey early.