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Fungal Infection

Fungal Infections


This can produce a pattern identical to many other types of eczema, but the fungus can be visualized with a scraping under the microscope or grown in culture.

Fungal Infection Symptoms

The symptoms of a fungal infection will depend on the type, but common symptoms include the following:

  • Skin changes, including red and possibly cracking or peeling skin
  • Itching

A fungal skin infection might cause :

  • Irritation
  • Scaly skin
  • Redness
  • Itching
  • Swelling
  • Blisters


  1. Ringworm of The Body (Tinea Corporis)

    Ringworm, also called tinea corporis, isn’t a worm but a fungal skin Tinea corporis or Ringworm is a skin infection caused by a fungus that lives on dead tissues, such as the skin, hair, and nails. Ringworm is caused by a fungus and not a worm. It typically occurs on the torso and limbs. Ringworm on other areas of the body can have different names, such as athlete’s foot and jock itch.Ringworm is a common fungal skin infection and is highly contagious. It’s not serious.


    • The main symptom of ringworm is a ring-shaped rash with slightly raised edges. The skin inside these circular rashes usually looks healthy. The rash can spread and is often itchy.
    • Ringworm is usually easy to notice because of its shape. A red patch that may itch or be scaly will often turn into a raised, ring-shaped patch of skin over time. It may even spread out into several rings.
    • The outside of this ring is red and may appear raised or bumpy, while the inside of the ring will remain clear or become scaly.
    • Ringworm is highly contagious, and it can be transmitted by skin-to-skin contact, or from contact with pets, such as dogs. The fungus may also survive on objects, such as towels, clothes, and brushes.
    • The ringworm fungus also infects soil and mud, so people who play or work in infected dirt may catch ringworm as well.

    Ringworm diagnosis

    Doctor can diagnose ringworm based on your symptoms. They might ask whether you’ve come into contact with infected people or animals. They might also take samples from the area and look at them under a microscope to be sure.

  2. Athlete’s Foot (Tinea Pedis)

    Athlete’s foot is a fungal infection that affects the skin of feet, often between toes.The fungi grow best in warm, moist places such as shoes, socks, swimming pools, locker rooms, and public showers. They’re often found in the summer and in hot, humid climates. It happens more often in people who wear tight shoes, who don’t change their sweaty socks, and who use public baths and pools.


    The fungi behind athlete’s foot live on the dead tissue of your hair, toenails, and outer skin layers. At least four kinds of fungus can cause the infection. The most common is Trichophyton rubrum.

    Typical Symptoms of Athlete’s Foot Include :

    • Itching or a burning, stinging sensation between toes or on the soles of feet
    • Skin that appears red, scaly, dry, or flaky
    • Cracked or blistered skin

    Signs of athlete's foot vary from person to person. You might have :

    • Peeling, cracking, and scaly feet
    • Blisters
    • Skin that’s red, softened, or broken down
    • Itching
    • Burning

    In some cases, the infection can also spread to other areas of body. Examples include nails, groin, or hands (tinea manuum).

    Types of athlete's foot

    This is also called toe web infection. Most people with athlete’s foot have this form. It usually occurs between two smallest toes. The infection can spread to the sole of foot.

    This form can begin with irritation, dryness, itching, or scaly skin. Over time, skin may thicken and crack. This infection can involve entire sole and extend onto the sides of foot.

    This is the rarest kind of athlete's foot. It usually begins with a sudden outbreak of fluid-filled blisters, often on the underside of foot. They also can appear between toes, on heel, or on top of foot.

    • Interdigital.
    • Moccasin.
    • Vesicular.
  3. Jock Itch (Tinea Cruris)

    The infection is also known as tinea cruris. Tinea loves warm, moist areas like genitals, inner thighs, and buttocks. Infections happen more often in the summer or in warm, wet climates.Jock itch is a red, itchy rash that’s often ring-shaped. Jock itch is a fungal skin infection that happens in the area of groin and thighs. It’s most common in men and adolescent boys.

    Jock Itch Symptoms

    The main symptom is an itchy red rash that typically starts in the groin area or around the upper inner thighs. The rash may get worse after exercise or other physical activity and can spread to the buttocks and abdomen.

    Symptoms of jock itch include:

    • redness in the groin, buttocks, or thighs
    • chafing, irritation, itching, or burning in the infected area
    • a red rash with a circular shape and raised edges
    • cracking, flaking, or dry peeling of the skin in the infected area
    • The affected skin may also appear scaly, flaky, or cracked. The outer border of the rash can be slightly raised and darker.
  4. Ringworm of the scalp (Tinea Capitis)

    Ringworm is the fungus that causes both jock itch and athlete’s foot. When it appears anywhere else on the body, the infection is just called ringworm.This fungal infection affects the skin of the scalp and the associated hair shafts. It’s most common in young children.


     The symptoms can include:

    • Localized bald patches that may appear scaly or red
    • Associated scaling and itching
    • Associated tenderness or pain in the patches
  5. Yeast Infections

    Yeast infections of your skin are called cutaneous candidiasis. A type of fungus called candida causes these infections when it grows too much. Yeast infections aren’t contagious.The infections are most common in warm, moist, creased areas of your body, including your armpits and groin. They often happen in people who are obese or who have diabetes. People taking antibiotics are also at higher risk. Candida can cause diaper rash in infants. It can also cause infections in your nails, vagina, or mouth (oral thrush).

    Yeast infection symptoms

    Signs of a yeast infection on skin include:

    • Rash
    • Patches that ooze clear fluid
    • Pimple-like bumps
    • Itching
    • Burning

    Signs of a yeast infection in nail beds include:

    • Swelling
    • Pain
    • Pus
    • A white or yellow nail that separates from the nail bed

    Signs of thrush (yeast infection of mouth) include:

    • White patches on your tongue and inside your cheeks
    • Pain

    Signs of a vaginal yeast infection include:

    • White or yellow discharge from your vagina
    • Itching
    • Redness in the external area of your vagina
    • Burning

    Yeast infection diagnosis

    Doctor will ask about your medical history and do a physical exam. They might also take a sample from the affected area to look at under a microscope.

  6. Tinea Versicolor

    Tinea versicolor, sometimes called pityriasis versicolor, is a fungal/yeast skin infection that causes small oval discolored patches to develop on the skin. It’s caused by an overgrowth of a specific type of fungus called Malassezia, which is naturally present on the skin of about 90 percent of adults.These discolored skin patches most often occur on the back, chest, and upper arms. They may look lighter or darker than the rest of your skin, and can be red, pink, tan, or brown. These patches can be itchy, flaky, or scaly. Tinea versicolor is more likely during the summer or in areas with a warm, wet climate.

  7. Cutaneous Candidiasis

    This is a skin infection that’s caused by Candida fungi. This type of fungi is naturally present on and inside our bodies. When it overgrows, an infection can happen.

    Candida skin infections occur in areas that are warm, moist, and poorly ventilated. Some examples of typical areas that can be affected include under the breasts and in the folds of the buttocks, such as in diaper rash.

    The symptoms of a Candida infection of the skin can include:

    • a red rash
    • itching
    • small red pustules
  8. Onychomycosis (Tinea Unguium)

    Onychomycosis is a fungal infection of your nails. It can affect the fingernails or the toenails, although infections of the toenails are more common.


    May have onychomycosis if you have nails that are:

    • Discolored, typically yellow, brown, or white
    • Brittle or break easily
    • Thickened

    Prescription medications are often required to treat this type of infection. In severe cases, your doctor may remove some or all of an affected nail.

    Risk factors

    There are several factors that can put you at an increased risk of getting a fungal skin infection. These include :

    • Living in a warm or wet environment
    • Sweating heavily
    • Not keeping your skin clean and dry
    • Sharing items like clothing, shoes, towels, or bedding
    • Wearing tight clothing or footwear that doesn’t breathe well
    • Fungal infections are common in humans and are usually not very serious if they are treated quickly and correctly.
    • Anyone with a weakened immune system may be more likely to contract a fungal infection, as well as anyone who is taking antibiotics.
    • Cancer treatment and diabetes may also make a person more prone to fungal infections.
    • Taking part in activities that involve frequent skin-to-skin contact
    • Coming into contact with animals that may be infected
    • Having a weakened immune system due to immunosuppressant drugs, cancer treatment, or conditions such as HIV


    Keep the following in mind to help prevent a fungal skin infection from developing :

    • Be sure to practice good hygiene.
    • Don’t share clothing, towels, or other personal items.
    • Wear clean clothes every day, particularly socks and underwear.
    • Choose clothing and shoes that breathe well. Avoid clothing or shoes that are too tight or have a restrictive fit.
    • Make sure to dry off properly with a clean, dry, towel after showering, bathing, or swimming.
    • Wear sandals or flip-flops in locker rooms instead of walking with bare feet.
    • Wipe down shared surfaces, such as gym equipment or mats.
    • Stay away from animals that have signs of a fungal infection, such as missing fur or frequent scratching.


Symptoms :

This medicine is best suited to dark-complexioned people who are mild in nature and have firm musculature. Peoples who benefit from this remedy experience the following symptoms :

  1. Kreosotum

    This remedy is strongly indicated for vaginitis with watery, thin, unpleasant-smelling, very irritating discharge that makes the vulva swell and itch. Symptoms may be worse in the morning and worse when standing up. Infections are more likely to appear before the menstrual period or during pregnancy.

  2. Natrum muriaticum

    Vaginitis with discharge resembling egg-white, which itches and makes the vagina feel dry and irritated, is likely to respond to this remedy. A woman who needs this remedy often seems reserved, yet is very emotional inside. A craving for salt and a tendency to feel worse from being in the sun are other indications for Natrum muriaticum.

  3. Sepia

    If yeast infections cause vaginal discharge that is yellow and itchy, or white and curdlike, this remedy may be indicated. A woman needing Sepia often feels worn down and irritable, with cold extremities and and a weak or sagging feeling in the pelvic region. Discharge may be more profuse in the morning and increased by walking.

  4. Borax

    Yeast infections of the vagina with discharge resembling egg white, and a feeling that warm water is flowing out, suggest the use of this remedy. Vaginitis that responds to Borax usually appears midway between the menstrual periods. A person who needs this remedy is often nervous and very sensitive to noise.

  5. Kali bichromicum

    This remedy may be indicated in cases of vaginitis where discharge is yellow and tenacious, and makes the vulva itch and burn. Symptoms may be worse in the morning. The person feels better from resting and keeping warm.

  6. Pulsatilla

    When this remedy is indicated for yeast infections, symptoms may be changeable. A creamy white or yellowish discharge appears, which can be either bland or irritating. The vagina may feel sore, and the labia may itch or burn. The woman will be moody, possibly tearful, wanting a lot of attention and affection. This remedy is often helpful for vaginitis during pregnancy.

  7. Sulphur

    Discharge that looks yellowish, is offensive-smelling, and causes great burning and itching brings this remedy to mind. Symptoms may be aggravated by warmth and bathing.

  8. Calcarea carb

    Symptoms :

    This remedy is best suited to peoples who are fair in complexion and fat with relaxed musculature . it is used in treatment of fungal infections of the skin and genital tract in women. People who benefit from this remedy have the following symptoms ,

    • Tendency to sweat excessively which result in fungal infectionof the skin .
    • Intense itching with burning sensation of the skin which Is more prevalent in the morning and while lying on bed.
    • Shiny skin with white spots of fungal infection on the areas like wrist, thighs, ankles.
    • Thick white vaginal discharge ( resembling milk ) especially between monthly periods .


    • Intense itching with burning sensation in the genital region associated with white discharge.
    • Aggravation of symptoms in damp and wet climate .
    • Symptoms improve in dry weather .
  9. Mezereum

    Symptoms :

    This medicine work best in the people who are calm and do not get disturbed by emotional flare-ups, anger, hatred, etc. individuals requiring mezereum are generally hesitant and very sensitiveto cold air . it is useful in the treatment of fungal infections, especially of the skin . people who benefit from this remedy have the following symptoms :

    • Intense intolerable itching, especially on the back of the neck.
    • Infected areas become moist and tend to form scabs.
    • Inflammation in infected area which is surrounded by small red boils that burn itchy severely.
    • Occasional bacteria infection in the areas affected by fungal growth that lead to the formation of pus underneath the scabs.
    • Increased itching with touch, humid weather, in the evening, and at midnight.
    • Amelioration of symptoms in open air .
  10. Thuja occidentalis

    Symptoms :

    This remedy acts best in peoples who have a tendancy to suffer from swollen glands. It is mainly used in treatment of fungal infections of the skin and genital tract and is especially effective in treating ringworm of the skin. Peoples who benefit from this remedy have the following symptoms :

    • Ring – shaped infected areas with severe itching and biting sensation
    • Intense desire to scratch the skin
    • Scratching increases itching in infected area
    • Dry, unhealthy skin even after washing
    • Sticky , yellowish or greenish white vaginal discharge that smells fish in case of fungal infection of the genital tract in women
    • Severe burning sensation associated with profuse leucorrhoea or white discharge from vagina
    • Intense itching in the genital region along with leucorrhoea
  11. Graphites

    Symptoms :

    This medicine acts best in peoples who are short in stature and heavily built. They are fair in complexion , slow in action, always feel chilly and have a tendency for skin disorders and constipation. It is used in treatment of fungal infection of the skin and genitals tract . it is also helpful in treatment of fungal infection of the oral cavity caused by candida albicans. Peoples who benefit from this remedy have the following symptoms :

    • Profuse white discharge or leucorrhoea in case of fungal infection of the genital tract that is generally caused due to candida albicans .
    • Profuse leucorrhoea throughout the day with severe itching and burning sensation in the genital region.
    • Yellowish to white leucorrhoea, with pain and weakness in the back
    • Increased leucorrhoea while sitting, walking and in the morning
    • Severe itching, which is aggravated at night in case of fungal infection of the skin
    • Dry skin that develops cracks and fissures
    • Intense itching of the infected areas with discharge of sticky fluid leading to burning sensation .
    • Increased itching with warmth and humid weather .
  12. Sepia
    • Fungal infection of the skin ( ringworm ) that appears every year during spring on different body part
    • Ringworm on the face
    • Moist skin folds with severe itching in areas such as back of the knee n front of elbows.
    • Scratching relieves itching and makes the skin rough, dry, and pink in colour.
    • Slimy, gelatinous or yellowish vaginal discharge in case of fungal infection of the genital tract
    • Intense itching and sore sensation in the vagina associated with vaginal discharge
    • Occasional lumpy vaginal discharge with an offensive odour
    • Painful, bearing down (heaviness) sensation in the abdomen, especially in the morning , associated with fungal infection of the genital tract
    • Improvement in ringworm infection after a thunderstorm, and improvement in white discharge at night.
    • Oral thrush or candidiasis of the oral cavity , which is a fungal infection of the mouth is also successfully treated with sepia .
  13. Medorrhinum

    Symptoms :

    Peoples who have underdeveloped growth respond well to this medicine. It is useful in the treatment of fungal infection of the skin n genitals organs in womens. It is also effective in the treatment of STD’s like gonorrhea. Peoples who benefit from this remedy experience in the following symptoms :

    • An affinity for fungal infection of the scalp, with formation of sticky and foul smelling discharge underneaththe scabs
    • Intense itching which is not improved after scratching and get worse when thinking of it or at night
    • Excess vaginal discharge accompanied by severe burning and intolerable itching in the genital area
    • Aggravation of itching in the genital region by rubbing the area and bathing with lukewarm water at frequent intervals
  14. Tellurium

    Symptoms :

    This medicine acts best in peoples who have a tendency to offensive or foul smelling bodily discharges, such as sweat and ear discharge. It is very effective in the treatment of fungal infections of the skin such as ringworm n barber’s itch. Patient who benefit it have the following symptoms :

    • Fungal infection on legs
    • Multiple ring shaped areas of infection all over the body that combine in severe cases and causes intense itching .
    • Severe itching at night and while lying on bed
    • Infected areas have a red central portion surrounded by small itchy eruptions
    • Dry skin with scaling in the infected regions
    • Aggravation of itching on exposure to cold air