The term sexually transmitted disease (STD) is used to refer to a condition passed from one person to another through sexual contact. They can contract an STD by having unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex with someone who has the STD.
An STD may also be called a sexually transmitted infection (STI). STDs used to be called venereal diseases or VD. They are among the most common contagious diseases.That doesn’t mean sex is the only way STDs are transmitted. Depending on the specific STD, infections may also be transmitted through sharing needles and breastfeeding.
Some of the types of STD’s are as follow :
Symptoms of STDs in Mens
It’s possible to contract an STD without developing symptoms. But some STDs cause obvious symptoms. In men, common symptoms include:
Symptoms of STDs in Womens
In many cases, STDs don’t cause noticeable symptoms. When they do, common STD symptoms in women include:
Types of STDs
Many different types of infections can be transmitted sexually. The most common STDs are described below.
Gonorrhea is another common bacterial STD. It’s also known as “the clap.”
Many people with gonorrhea develop no symptoms. But when present, symptoms may include:
If left untreated, gonorrhea can lead to:
It’s possible for a mother to pass gonorrhea onto a newborn during childbirth. When that happens, gonorrhea can cause serious health problems in the baby.
Trichomoniasis is also known as “trich.” It’s caused by a tiny protozoan organism that can be passed from one person to another through genital contact. When symptoms do develop, they may include:
If left untreated, trich can lead to:
Hepatitis A, hepatitis B and hepatitis C are all contagious viral infections that affect your liver. Hepatitis B and C are the most serious of the three, but each can cause your liver to become inflamed.
Some people never develop signs or symptoms. But for those who do, signs and symptoms may occur several weeks after exposure and may include :
A certain type of bacteria causes chlamydia.
Many people with chlamydia have no noticeable symptoms. When symptoms do develop, they often include :
If left untreated, chlamydia can lead to :
If a pregnant woman has untreated chlamydia, she can pass it to her baby during birth. The baby may develop:
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a virus that can be passed from one person to another through intimate skin-to-skin or sexual contact.
There are many different strains of the virus. Some are more dangerous than others.
The most common symptom of HPV is warts on the genitals, mouth, or throat.
The signs and symptoms of genital warts include :
Some strains of HPV infection can lead to cancer, including:
While most cases of HPV don’t become cancerous, some strains of the virus are more likely to cause cancer than others.
Syphilis is another bacterial infection. It often goes unnoticed in its early stages.
The first symptom to appear is a small round sore, known as a chancre. It can develop on your genitals, anus, or mouth. It’s painless but very infectious. Syphilis is a bacterial infection. The disease affects your genitals, skin and mucous membranes, but it can also involve many other parts of your body, including your brain and your heart.
The signs and symptoms of syphilis may occur in three stages — primary, secondary, and tertiary. Some people also experience latent syphilis, in which blood tests are positive for the bacteria but no symptoms are present.
At first, only a small, painless sore (chancre) may be present at the site of infection, usually the genitals, rectum, tongue or lips. As the disease worsens, symptoms may include :
Without treatment, syphilis bacteria may spread, leading to serious internal organ damage and death years after the original infection.
Signs and Symptoms
Syphilis has three stages and the symptoms vary as per the ongoing stage.
This is the first stage. In this a small, firm, and round sore / ulcer which is painless, and is known as chancre forms at the site from where bacteria entered the body (penis, vagina, anus or in some cases mouth). The chancre is usually one but in some cases, multiple chancres develop. The chancre tends to appear around three weeks after exposure. Chancres usually heal and disappear within 3 to 6 weeks.
This stage arises after healing of chancre. In this rash appears on the trunk that cover full body. The rash may be red or reddish brown in color. Along with this wart-like growths may appear in mouth, anal and genital region. Other symptoms that may appear are sore throat, muscle aches, fever, headaches, swollen lymph nodes, fatigue, and patchy hair loss. These symptoms may disappear in a few weeks or they can return many times for a long period. If not treated in this stage then it passes into a latent stage where no symptoms appear. In some cases, the person never experiences symptoms again while in some disease may progress to the next tertiary stage.
Tertiary syphilis can occur many years (even 10 to 30 years ) after the onset of the infection, after the latent asymptomatic stage. In the late stages, the disease damage may occur to the brain, heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes, liver, bones, and joints.
Later symptoms of syphilis can include:
Some of the signs and symptoms of late-stage syphilis include:
If left untreated, late-stage syphilis can lead to:
At any stage, syphilis can affect the nervous system. Neurosyphilis may cause no signs or symptoms, or it can cause:
HIV can damage the immune system and raise the risk of contracting other viruses or bacteria and certain cancers.
If left untreated, it can lead to stage 3 HIV, known as AIDS.
In the early or acute stages, it’s easy to mistake the symptoms of HIV with those of the flu.
Early HIV signs and symptoms usually disappear within a week to a month and are often mistaken for those of another viral infection.
During this period, you're highly infectious.
More-persistent or -severe symptoms of HIV infection may not appear for 10 years or more after the initial infection.
The early symptoms can include :
As the virus continues to multiply and destroy immune cells, you may develop mild infections or chronic signs and symptoms such as :
Signs and symptoms of late-stage HIV infection include:
These initial symptoms typically clear within a month or so. From that point onward, a person can carry HIV without developing serious or persistent symptoms for many years. Other people may develop nonspecific symptoms, such as:
“Crabs” is another name for pubic lice. They’re tiny insects that can take up residence on your pubic hair. Like head lice and body lice, they feed on human blood.
Common symptoms of pubic lice include:
You might also be able to see the lice or their tiny white eggs around the roots of pubic hair.
If left untreated, pubic lice can spread to other people through skin-to-skin contact or shared clothing, bedding, or towels.
Scratched bites can also become infected.
Herpes is the shortened name for the herpes simplex virus (HSV). There are two main strains of the virus,
HSV-1 and HSV-2. Both can be transmitted sexually. It’s a very common STD.
HSV-1 primarily causes oral herpes, which is responsible for cold sores. However, HSV-1 can also be passed from one person’s mouth to another person’s genitals during oral sex. When this happens, HSV-1 can cause genital herpes.
HSV-2 primarily causes genital herpes.
The most common symptom of herpes is blistery sores. In the case of genital herpes, these sores develop on or around the genitals. In oral herpes, they develop on or around the mouth.
Herpes sores generally crust over and heal within a few weeks. The first outbreak is usually the most painful. Outbreaks typically become less painful and frequent over time.
If a pregnant woman has herpes, she can potentially pass it to her fetus in the womb or to her newborn infant during childbirth. This so-called congenital herpes can be very dangerous to newborns. That’s why it’s beneficial for pregnant women to become aware of their HSV status.
Other, less common STDs include :
Genital herpes is a highly contagious STI caused by a type of the herpes simplex virus (HSV) that enters your body through small breaks in your skin or mucous membranes.
Most people with HSV never know they have it, because they have no signs or symptoms or the signs and symptoms are so mild they go unnoticed.
When signs and symptoms are noticeable, the first episode is generally the worst. Some people never have a second episode. Others, however, can have recurrent episodes for decades.
When present, genital herpes signs and symptoms may include:
May have flu-like signs and symptoms :
Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina that can result in discharge, itching and pain. The cause is usually a change in the normal balance of vaginal bacteria or an infection. Reduced estrogen levels after menopause and some skin disorders can also cause vaginitis.
The most common types of vaginitis are :
Vaginitis signs and symptoms can include:
Have vaginal discharge, Is the characteristics of the discharge might indicate the type of vaginitis. Examples include :
To diagnose vaginitis :
Review medical history. This includes your history of vaginal or sexually transmitted infections.
CAUSES OF STI AND STD’S
There are three major causes of STDs/STIs:
Any STI can be spread through sexual activity including sexual intercourse, and some STIs also are spread through oral sex and other sexual activity. Ejaculation does not have to occur for an STI to pass from person to person.
In addition, sharing contaminated needles, such as those used to inject drugs, or using contaminated body piercing or tattooing equipment also can transmit some infections, such as HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. A few infections can be sexually transmitted but are also spread through nonsexual, close contact. Some of these infections, like CMV, are not considered STIs even though they can be transmitted through sexual contact.
If your sexual history and current signs and symptoms suggest that you have a sexually transmitted disease (STD) or a sexually transmitted infection (STI), laboratory tests can identify the cause and detect coinfections you might also have.
Testing for a disease in someone who doesn't have symptoms is called screening. Most of the time, STI screening is not a routine part of health care, but there are exceptions:
Homeopathic Medicines for Chlamydia
Sepia is highly beneficial to manage vaginal discharge in cases of chlamydia infection. It can be used when the vaginal discharge is yellow, greenish, clear like water or milky white coloured. The vaginal discharge may get worse after urinating. The discharge may be acrid and excoriating in nature causing a burning sensation in the vagina. Itching in vagina is also marked. The discharge may have a fetid odor too. Frequent urging to urinate is also present with above symptoms. Bearing down pains in pelvis are marked. Other attending complaint is painful coition.
Kreosote is an excellent medicine to treat offensive vaginal discharge in chlamydia infection. The vaginal discharge has a putrid odour. The colour of discharge may be yellow or white. The discharge is acrid, corrosive in nature causing much itching in genitals. Soreness and burning in genitals after scratching arises. Stitching pain and smarting sensation in vagina may appear too. The discharge tend to get worse on standing or walking. Great weakness appears along with the above symptoms.
To Manage Complaint of Painful Intercourse in Females Natrum Mur is very useful to manage complaint of painful intercourse in females suffering from chlamydia. Along with pain burning and smarting sensation is felt in the vagina during coition. Soreness and itching in vagina may also attend. Dryness of vagina may be there or in some cases vaginal discharges are prominent. The discharges tend to be transparent, watery and very profuse. Intense debility appears along with copious vaginal discharges.
For Managing Bleeding Following Intercourse Argentum Nitricum is a helpful medicine to manage bleeding following intercourse in females having chlamydia infection. Intercourse is painful, and profuse yellow vaginal discharges may also be complained along with above features. Sometimes the vaginal discharges are blood stained.
To Treat Chlamydia Infection in Males with Milky Fluid Urethral DischargePetroselinum is prepared from a plant Petroselinum Sativum commonly named as Parsley. The natural order of this plant is Umbelliferae. Use of Petroselinum is considered for treating chlamydia infection in male having milky fluid discharge from urethra. Along with this itching and biting sensation in the urethra is marked. In some cases drawing or crawling sensation in urethra is felt. Frequent desire to urinate along with marked urgency may attend above symptoms.
For Yellow Watery Mucus Urethral Discharge in MalesCannabis Sativa is a valuable medicine for treating chlamydia infection in males having yellow watery mucus discharge from urethra. Along with this dragging and aching in testicles may be felt. Other attending symptoms are burning while urinating, straining to pass urine and scanty urination. Stitching pain in urethra may also accompany above symptoms.
For Yellowish Green Discharges from Urethra in Males. Pulsatilla is prepared from plant Pulsatilla Nigricans commonly named as Pasque flower or Wind Flower. The natural order of this plant is Ranunculaceae. Pulsatilla is significant medicine for treating chlamydia in males having yellowish green discharge from urethra. The discharges are thick. Along with this pain, swelling and burning sensation in testicles may be present.
For Managing Burning/painful Urination. Cantharis is a beneficial medicine to manage complaint of burning/painful urination in chlamydia infection. Pain and burning arise while urinating. It may also be there before and after urination in many cases. Cutting pains in urethra are prominent. Frequency of urination is also increased and the urine may be scanty. Urine may contain jelly-like shreddy particles sometimes.
Merc Sol is highly effective to manage complaint of frequent urination in chlamydia infection. The frequency of urine is increased both in day and night time. Urine may appear almost every hour. Burning while urination may also be felt. Urgency to pass urine is also there where person have to hurry immediately to urinate. In males needing Merc Sol, yellow or green discharge from urethra may be there in addition to above urinary symptoms.
Rhododendron is suitable to treat pain in testicles in cases of chlamydia infection. Swelling is also present in testicles. Testicles may also feel hard. The pain in testicles vary from case to case. It may be pressing, tearing or contusive pain. Sitting tend to worsen the pain and motion relieves it.
Homeopathic Treatment of Gonorrhea
Homeopathic Medicines for Syphilis
Merc Cor is indicated for chancre which is soft. The margins are dark red. The chancre is painful and it may bleed easily. There may be a discharge of thin pus from the chancre. The surrounding part of chancre is swollen with heat.
Medorrhinum tops the list of medicines to treat gonorrhea. In cases needing Medorrhinum, urethral inflammation is marked with burning pain in urethra while urinating. Urine also has an offensive smell. In males, thin fluid mixed whitish mucus or yellow purulent discharge appears from the urethra. There is soreness in urethra along with this. In females, thick, acrid vaginal discharge with fishy odor is prominent.
Cannabis Sativa is useful for gonorrhea with both watery mucus or purulent discharge from the urethra in males. Burning, smarting pain in urethra are marked on urinating. A desire to urinate is almost constant. The glans is red, swollen, inflamed along with the above symptoms.
Nitric Acid is helpful for gonorrhea with yellow-green discharge from the urethra in males. Sometimes the discharge may be blood stained. Intense pain may be felt while urination. Itching in the urethra is also marked. Prepuce may be swollen, red with burning pain. The testicles may also be painful, swollen and tender.
Rhododendron is wonderful medicine for gonorrhea in males with swollen, painful testicles. Tearing, pressing, sticking pain is there in the testicle. Pain is worse on sitting and better by motion. The testicle may also feel hard. It is painful to touch. Thin discharge from urethra may be present. Rhododendron is also high-grade homeopathic medicine to treat epididymitis.
Cantharis is an excellent medicine for managing painful/burning urination in gonorrhea. The burning and pain in the urethra is worse while urinating. It may also be present before urination and continue after urination. Pain in the urethra is very severe, cutting and sharp in nature. The desire to pass urine is also frequent. Urging to urinate is most marked while standing or while walking. Urine may also be scanty or sometimes passes in drops. The pain during urination and its frequency are most worse at night time.
Merc Sol is beneficial to treat increased frequency and urgency to urinate in gonorrhea. The person needing Merc Sol has to hurry to pass urine. The frequency to urinate is very high and the person has to go to urinate almost every hour. While urinating burning and biting pains are felt. In males thick, green or yellow discharge from the urethra, may be present along with above symptoms. In females requiring Merc Sol, greenish vaginal discharges with burning and itching may be there with high frequency and urgency of urination.
Pulsatilla is prominent to treat gonorrhea in females with white colored vaginal discharge like milk. The discharge is acrid, thin with marked burning in the vagina. The discharge may also cause biting, stinging pains. The discharge is most worse on lying down where Pulsatilla is indicated.
Sepia is a very effective medicine for gonorrhea in females with greenish vaginal discharges. The discharge is profuse mainly after urinating. The discharges cause itching of vulva and vagina along with burning pain. Pain and bearing down sensation in the pelvic region is marked. Sepia is also indicated to treat a complaint of painful coition in females. Bleeding from the vagina after coition is also treated well with Sepia.
Kreosote is indicated for gonorrhea in females with yellow vaginal discharges. The discharges are acrid and corrosive in nature causing much itching. The odour is also offensive. The vaginal discharge is attended with fatigue and weakness especially in the legs. Frequent desire to urinate is also present.
Natrum Mur is indicated for gonorrhea in females to manage complaint of painful coition. Along with pain, burning and smarting are also felt in the vagina during intercourse. Profuse vaginal discharge along with weakness may be present. The discharges are acrid and may be greenish or transparent, watery. They cause itching especially at night time
Sabina is very suitable to treat gonorrhea in females with heavy periods. The bleeding is profuse, bright red colored and is mixed with dark clots. Least motion increases the flow of blood. Pain from sacrum to pubes is a characteristic attending feature.
Merc Sol is well indicated to treat chancre in cases of primary syphilis. The chancre may be single or several small ones on the penis in cases needing Merc Sol. The chancres are soft or indurated and superficial or deep where Merc Sol is indicated. The chancres have a cheesy bottom and inverted red edges. The chancre may be painful and bleed easily. There may be secretion of pus or yellow fetid discharge from chancres. Inguinal region is painful while walking. There is a pain in inguinal glands on pressure.
Cinnabaris is useful for cases of syphilis with red, swollen chancre. The edges of chancre are hard and elevated. The chancre is located in the middle of the penis in cases where Cinnabaris is indicated. The chancre is most times indurated.
Kali Iodatum is helpful for syphilis with deep chancres. The edges of chancre are hard. Thin discharge may be present which has an offensive odour. There may be tendency to slow suppuration in the chancre. The glans penis is swollen.
Syphilinum is a beneficial medicine for secondary syphilis with a prominent rash on skin. The rash is prominent on the forehead, chin, front of chest and arms. An excess of fine scales peel off from it. In some cases copper – colored maculae from top of head to foot appears. Biting sensation in different body areas is felt at night. Along with this, there is fever with excessive headache. Body is extremely cold with desire to be covered. Appetite is lost. Sore throat, inflamed pharynx, and ulcers in the throat may also appear.
Nitric Acid is indicated for secondary syphilis with skin eruptions having prickling and itching on the skin. It is also indicated for warts like growths on genitals and anus. The growths are large, jagged, and often pedunculated. There is prominent sticking and pricking in them. They are painful to touch. Sometimes they bleed on washing.
Phosphorus is a valuable medicine for managing complaint of hair fall in cases of syphilis. Hair fall is excessive in cases needing Phosphorus. The hair loss is general or in patches. The scalp is dry. A heated sensation is also felt in the scalp. Violent itching on the scalp may be present.
Thuja is an excellent medicine to treat wart-like growths in syphilis cases. In males, these growths appear on glans, penis, perineum. They may be painful especially on walking. In females the growths may be there on labia, vulva, vagina. They may have stinging pains and may also bleed. Warts may be also present on the anus in males and females needing Thuja. These warts are painful and sensitive to touch.
Phytolacca is indicated for syphilis to manage sore throat. The throat is darkened, is painful, raw, rough and dry. Tonsils are bluish or dark purple in color. Swallowing is painful. Pain from the throat may extend to ears. There is marked burning and smarting felt in the throat. Scraping sensation and excoriation are felt in the throat. Ulcers tend to appear on tonsils. A disposition to hawk and clear throat is present. A sensation of a lump/plug in the throat is felt. Mucus discharge from posterior nares may be present. Apart from this pain in the limbs may be present. The pain is worse from motion.
Arsenic Album is a wonderful medicine for managing fatigue in case of syphilis. The fatigue is very intense where Arsenic Album is indicated. There is tiredness, fatigue, lack of strength from very little exertion. Restlessness is marked with fatigue. Anxiety may also be prominently present especially at night time with above features.
Homeopathic Medicines for Vaginitis
Pulsatilla Pulsatilla is helpful for vaginitis when vaginal discharges are thick like cream. They are white (like milk) and get worse on lying down. There may be a burning felt in the vagina along with a backache.
Kreosote is a natural medicine for itching in the vagina in cases of vaginitis. The itching is quite intense and violent. There may be soreness and burning in the vagina after scratching. The genitals are swollen too. The vaginal discharge may be white or yellow and smells putrid. Standing and walking worsens the discharge. Weakness may appear with the discharges. There is a frequent urge to urinate.
Alumina offers a natural cure for burning in the vagina due to vaginitis. The discharges are worse during the daytime and may be transparent or light yellow. They are also highly acrid, corrosive, excoriating. Cold washing tends to relieve the symptoms. In some cases, stitching and throbbing pain in the vagina is also felt.
Natrum Mur is an effective natural medicine for vaginitis cases with white vaginal discharges. The discharges are thick and profuse and tend to get worse at night. They also tend to be acrid and are attended with itching and a smarting pain in genitals. General weakness may also be present.
Merc Sol is a homeopathic medicine used to treat vaginitis with greenish vaginal discharges. A night aggravation of the discharges may be present. The discharges may be blood-stained, corrosive and itchy, leading to scratching. Scratching is often followed by burning. A smarting and biting sensation in genitals is also present. The genitals may also be swollen. Pain, itching, and burning during urination in the genitals upon contact with urine is also present.
Homeopathic medicine Hydrastis is prepared from the fresh root of a plant Hydrastis Canadensis. This plant is commonly known by the name of Golden Seal or Orange-Root and belongs to the natural order Ranunculaceae. Use of Hydrastis is considered in cases of vaginitis with a yellow discharge from the vagina. The discharges are profuse, thick, tenacious, and highly viscid. The discharges may be stringy and ropy in some cases. Occasionally, they may be offensive. Itching in the vagina appears from discharges.
Sepia is a natural remedy for vaginitis with very painful coition. In cases where Sepia works effectively, the vaginal discharges are clear, watery or yellowish-greenish. They may also be blood-stained. They get worse after urinating. The discharges are excoriating with severe vaginal itching and burning pain. It may also have a fetid odor. Along with the above features, there is an increased frequency of urination.
Homeopathic medicine Graphites is very beneficial for managing profuse, gushing vaginal discharges in vaginitis. The discharge is mainly white or yellowish-white. It flows through the day and night. The discharges are acrid and excoriate the skin. They also cause a biting pain in the vagina. The back feels weak due to these copious discharges.
Nitric Acid is a natural medicine for vaginitis with vaginal discharges that are offensive. In cases needing Nitric Acid, the color of vaginal discharge varies. It may be green, brown, flesh-colored or clear like water. The discharge is acrid and causes burning in the vulva and vagina. Stitching pain in the vagina may also be felt.
Natrum Phos is an effective medicine for sour-smelling vaginal discharges in cases of vaginitis. The discharges from the vagina may be creamy or watery, and often honey-colored. They are often acidic.
Medorrhinum is a natural remedy for vaginitis where the vaginal discharges have a peculiar fishy odor. The discharges are acrid, excoriating with excessive itching. Washing with lukewarm water relieves the itching. The discharges are also very thick. An attending gonorrhea infection may be present in cases needing Medorrhinum.
HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICATION FOR HERPES